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第 19 章 JSON (JavaScript Object Notation)

目录

19.1. javax.json.*
19.1.1. Json 编码
19.1.2. Json 解码
19.1.3. URL获取Json
19.2. Jackson
19.2.1. ObjectToJSON
19.2.2. JSONToObject
19.2.3. JsonNode

19.1. javax.json.*

19.1.1. Json 编码

						
package netkiller.json;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;

import javax.json.*;

public final class Writer {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		
		JsonObjectBuilder jsonBuilder = Json.createObjectBuilder();
		JsonObjectBuilder addressBuilder = Json.createObjectBuilder();
		JsonArrayBuilder phoneNumBuilder = Json.createArrayBuilder();
		
		phoneNumBuilder.add("12355566688").add("0755-2222-3333");
		
		addressBuilder.add("street", "Longhua").add("city",	"Shenzhen").add("zipcode", 518000);
		
		jsonBuilder.add("nickname", "netkiller").add("name", "Neo").add("department", "IT").add("role",	"Admin");
		
		jsonBuilder.add("phone", phoneNumBuilder);
		jsonBuilder.add("address", addressBuilder);
		
		JsonObject jsonObject = jsonBuilder.build();
		
		System.out.println(jsonObject);
		
		try {
			// write to file
			File file = new File("json.txt");
			if (!file.exists()) {
				file.createNewFile();
			}
			OutputStream os = null;
			os = new FileOutputStream(file);
			JsonWriter jsonWriter = Json.createWriter(os);
			jsonWriter.writeObject(jsonObject);
			jsonWriter.close();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	
	}

}
			
			

运行后输出

				{"nickname":"netkiller","name":"Neo","department":"IT","role":"Admin","phone":["12355566688","0755-2222-3333"],"address":{"street":"Longhua","city":"Shenzhen","zipcode":"518000"}}
			

19.1.2. Json 解码

			
package netkiller.json;

import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

import javax.json.Json;
import javax.json.JsonArray;
import javax.json.JsonObject;
import javax.json.JsonReader;
import javax.json.JsonValue;

public final class Reader {
	
	public static final String JSON_FILE="json.txt";
	
	public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
		InputStream fis = new FileInputStream(JSON_FILE);
		//create JsonReader object
		JsonReader jsonReader = Json.createReader(fis);
		
		//get JsonObject from JsonReader
		JsonObject jsonObject = jsonReader.readObject();
		
		//we can close IO resource and JsonReader now
		jsonReader.close();
		fis.close();
		
		System.out.printf("nickname: %s \n", jsonObject.getString("nickname"));
		System.out.printf("name: %s \n", jsonObject.getString("name"));
		System.out.printf("department: %s \n",
		jsonObject.getString("department"));
		System.out.printf("role: %s \n", jsonObject.getString("role"));
		JsonArray jsonArray = jsonObject.getJsonArray("phone");
		
		//long[] numbers = new long[jsonArray.size()];
		int index = 0;
		for(JsonValue value : jsonArray){
			//numbers[index++] = Long.parseLong(value.toString());
			System.out.printf("phone[%d]: %s \n", index++, value.toString());
		}
		
		//reading inner object from json object
		JsonObject innerJsonObject = jsonObject.getJsonObject("address");
		
		System.out.printf("address: %s, %s, %d \n",
		innerJsonObject.getString("street"),
		innerJsonObject.getString("city"),
		innerJsonObject.getInt("zipcode"));
	
	}

}
			
			

运行结果

			
nickname: netkiller
name: Neo
department: IT
role: Admin
phone[0]: +8612355566688
phone[1]: 0755-2222-3333
address: Longhua, Shenzhen, 518000
			
			

19.1.3. URL获取Json

		
package netkiller.json;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.io.StringReader;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.URLConnection;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;

import javax.json.*;

public class HttpUrl {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		String URL = "http://www.example.com/json/2/20/0.html";
		// system.out.println("Requeted URL:" + URL);
		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
		URLConnection urlConn = null;
		InputStreamReader in = null;
		try {
			URL url = new URL(URL);
			urlConn = url.openConnection();
			if (urlConn != null)
				urlConn.setReadTimeout(60 * 1000);
			if (urlConn != null && urlConn.getInputStream() != null) {
				in = new InputStreamReader(urlConn.getInputStream(), Charset.defaultCharset());
				BufferedReader bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(in);
				if (bufferedReader != null) {
					int cp;
					while ((cp = bufferedReader.read()) != -1) {
						sb.append((char) cp);
					}
					bufferedReader.close();
				}
			}
			in.close();

			String jsonString = sb.toString();

			//System.out.println(jsonString);

			JsonReader reader = Json.createReader(new StringReader(jsonString));

			JsonObject jsonObject = reader.readObject();

			reader.close();

			// System.out.println(jsonObject.size());

			for (int i = 0; i < jsonObject.size() - 2; i++) {
				JsonObject rowObject = jsonObject.getJsonObject(Integer.toString(i));
				// System.out.println(rowObject.toString());
				System.out.printf("%s\t%s\t%s\n", rowObject.getJsonString("id"), rowObject.getJsonString("title"),
						rowObject.getJsonString("ctime"));
			}

		} catch (Exception e) {
			throw new RuntimeException("Exception while calling URL:" + URL, e);
		}

	}

}