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62.8. Example

62.8.1. 站内电邮发送

背景,网站通常需要一个电子邮件服务器,用于认证邮件真实性,给用户发送通知,订阅邮件等等。

这个邮件系统只需要外发邮件,并不需要接收邮件,配置如下。

			
[root@netkiller postfix]# postconf -n
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
command_directory = /usr/sbin
config_directory = /etc/postfix
daemon_directory = /usr/libexec/postfix
data_directory = /var/lib/postfix
debug_peer_level = 2
debugger_command = PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/X11R6/bin ddd $daemon_directory/$process_name $process_id & sleep 5
home_mailbox = Maildir/
html_directory = no
inet_interfaces = all
inet_protocols = ipv4
mail_owner = postfix
mailq_path = /usr/bin/mailq.postfix
manpage_directory = /usr/share/man
milter_default_action = accept
milter_protocol = 2
mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost, $mydomain
mydomain = netkiller.cn
myhostname = mail.netkiller.cn
mynetworks = 203.88.18.17, 202.130.11.34, 147.89.27.78, 219.90.13.18
myorigin = $mydomain
newaliases_path = /usr/bin/newaliases.postfix
non_smtpd_milters = $smtpd_milters
queue_directory = /var/spool/postfix
readme_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix-2.10.1/README_FILES
sample_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix-2.10.1/samples
sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail.postfix
setgid_group = postdrop
smtpd_milters = inet:127.0.0.1:8891
unknown_local_recipient_reject_code = 550
			
			

62.8.2. EDM 服务器

EDM服务器建议配置

				postconf -e "default_destination_concurrency_limit=5"
				postconf -e "queue_run_delay = 12h"
				postconf -e "maximal_queue_lifetime = 1d"
			

首先投递目的主机不能并发太多,发送失败的邮件一天只需要重发一次就可以,隔天是吧队列直接抛弃无需保留。

62.8.3. SMTP 邮件发送服务器

			
neo@netkiller ~ % postconf -n
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
append_dot_mydomain = no
biff = no
compatibility_level = 2
inet_interfaces = all
inet_protocols = all
mailbox_size_limit = 0
message_size_limit = 1024000000
mydestination = $myhostname, netkiller.cn, netkiller.netkiller.com, localhost.netkiller.com, localhost
myhostname = netkiller.netkiller.com
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 [::ffff:127.0.0.0]/104 [::1]/128
myorigin = /etc/mailname
readme_directory = no
recipient_delimiter = +
relayhost =
smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtp_scache
smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Ubuntu)
smtpd_relay_restrictions = permit_mynetworks permit_sasl_authenticated defer_unauth_destination
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key
smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtpd_scache
smtpd_use_tls = yes