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7.2. yum - Yellowdog Updater Modified

7.2.1. YUM 源管理

列出所有yum源

# yum repolist all
			

查看启用YUM源

# yum repolist enabled
			

查看禁用YUM源

# yum repolist disabled
			

禁用YUM源

# yum-config-manager --disable mysql-connectors-community
			

启用YUM源

sudo yum-config-manager --enable mysql57-community-dmr
			

或者修改/etc/yum.repos.d/文件也能实现相同的作用 enabled=0 为禁用 enabled=1启用

7.2.2. install

有效的包名称

name
name.arch
name-ver
name-ver-rel
name-ver-rel.arch
name-epoch:ver-rel.arch
epoch:name-ver-rel.arch			
			
yum -y install package
			

指定yum源

yum -y install epel:nginx.x86_64			
			

reinstall

yum -y reinstall package
			

7.2.3. localinstall

yum localinstall 可以代替 rpm -ivh 并且会自己安装依赖包

# yum localinstall asymptote-2.08-1.fc12.i686.rpm
			

7.2.4. list

			
yum list
			
			

列出已经安装的包

			
yum list installed

yum list installed | wc -l

yum list installed ntp

yum list installed mysql\*
			
			
yum list updates
yum list extras
			

默认yum只显示最新版本的包,使用 --showduplicates 可以显示历史包

root@netkiller /var/log % yum --showduplicates list nginx | expand
Repository epel is listed more than once in the configuration
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
Installed Packages
nginx.x86_64                      1:1.12.1-1.el7.ngx                      @nginx
Available Packages
nginx.x86_64                      1:1.8.0-1.el7.ngx                       nginx 
nginx.x86_64                      1:1.8.1-1.el7.ngx                       nginx 
nginx.x86_64                      1:1.10.0-1.el7.ngx                      nginx 
nginx.x86_64                      1:1.10.1-1.el7.ngx                      nginx 
nginx.x86_64                      1:1.10.2-1.el7                          epel  
nginx.x86_64                      1:1.10.2-1.el7.ngx                      nginx 
nginx.x86_64                      1:1.10.3-1.el7.ngx                      nginx 
nginx.x86_64                      1:1.12.0-1.el7.ngx                      nginx 
nginx.x86_64                      1:1.12.1-1.el7.ngx                      nginx 
			
			

7.2.5. search

yum search mysql
			

7.2.6. update / upgrade

check update

			
[root@development ~]# yum check-update
[root@development ~]# yum -y update
			
			

upgrade

# yum upgrade
			

7.2.7. remove

#yum remove httpd
			

7.2.8. installed

# yum list installed
			

7.2.9. group

7.2.9.1. grouplist

[root@localhost ~]#  yum grouplist
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Setting up Group Process
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * addons: mirrors.163.com
 * base: mirrors.163.com
 * extras: mirrors.163.com
 * updates: mirrors.163.com
Installed Groups:
   Administration Tools
   Development Libraries
   Dialup Networking Support
   Editors
   Mail Server
   Network Servers
   Office/Productivity
   Server Configuration Tools
   System Tools
   Text-based Internet
   Web Server
   Yum Utilities
Available Groups:
   Authoring and Publishing
   Base
   Beagle
   Cluster Storage
   Clustering
   DNS Name Server
   Development Tools
   Emacs
   Engineering and Scientific
   FTP Server
   FreeNX and NX
   GNOME Desktop Environment
   GNOME Software Development
   Games and Entertainment
   Graphical Internet
   Graphics
   Horde
   Java
   Java Development
   KDE (K Desktop Environment)
   KDE Software Development
   KVM
   Legacy Network Server
   Legacy Software Development
   Legacy Software Support
   Mono
   MySQL Database
   News Server
   OpenFabrics Enterprise Distribution
   PostgreSQL Database
   Printing Support
   Ruby
   Sound and Video
   Tomboy
   Virtualization
   Windows File Server
   X Software Development
   X Window System
   XFCE-4.4
Done

				

7.2.9.2. groupinfo

# yum groupinfo "Server Configuration Tools"
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Setting up Group Process
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * addons: centos.ustc.edu.cn
 * base: centos.ustc.edu.cn
 * extras: centos.ustc.edu.cn
 * updates: centos.ustc.edu.cn

Group: Server Configuration Tools
 Description: This group contains all of CentOS's custom server configuration tools.
 Default Packages:
   system-config-httpd
   system-config-nfs
   system-config-printer-gui
   system-config-samba
   system-config-securitylevel
   system-config-services
 Optional Packages:
   system-config-bind
   system-config-boot
   system-switch-mail-gnome
				

7.2.9.3. groupinstall

#yum groupinstall 'X Window System'  -y

安装GNOME桌面环境
#yum groupinstall  'GNOME Desktop Environment' -y

安装KDE桌面环境
#yum groupinstall 'KDE (K Desktop Environment)' -y
				

7.2.9.4. groupremove

卸载GNOME桌面环境
#yum groupremove "GNOME Desktop Environment"

卸载KDE桌面环境
#yum groupremove "KDE (K Desktop Environment)"
				
yum groupremove "GNOME Desktop Environment" "Games and Entertainment" "Graphical Internet" "Graphics" "Office/Productivity" "Printing Support" "Sound and Video" "Web Server" "X Window System"
				

7.2.10. 查看包的依赖关系

# yum deplist libcurl
			

7.2.11. provides / whatprovides

查询pg_config命令在那一个包中

# yum provides "*/pg_config"
			
# yum provides "*/libpq-fe.h"
			
# yum whatprovides mysql_config